HMS Iron Duke Type 23 Warship Frigate is a Type 23 frigate of the Royal Navy, and the third ship to bear the name. Iron Duke was launched on 2 March 1991 by Lady Jane King in the presence of the Duke and Duchess of Wellington. Her affiliated town is Kingston upon Hull, and she is named after Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington (the “Iron Duke” below). She was the fifth Duke-class Type 23
The motto of Iron Duke is Virtutis Fortuna Comes (latin: “Fortune is the companion of valour”) – inherited from the 33rd Duke of Wellington’s) Regiment of Foot
In the 17th century, the term frigate was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being “frigate-built”. These could be warships carrying their principal battery of carriage-mounted guns on a single deck or on two decks (with further smaller carriage-mounted guns usually carried on the forecastle and quarterdeck of the vessel). The term was generally used for ships too small to stand in the line of battle, although early line-of-battle ships were frequently referred to as frigates when they were built for speed.
In the 18th century, the term referred to ships which were usually as long as a ship-of-the-line and were square-rigged on all three masts (full rigged), but were faster and with lighter armament, used for patrolling and escort. In the definition adopted by the British Admiralty, they were rated ships of at least 28 guns, carrying their principal armament upon a single continuous upper deck.
Ships-of-the-line possessed two or more continuous decks bearing batteries of guns. HMS Victory had 104 bearing guns on three decks.
HMS Victory is a 104-gun first-rate ship-of-the-line of the Royal Navy, she was Lord Nelson’s flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Designed to carry at 100 guns, but her armament varied from 104 to 106 guns and carronades.
In February 1817, HMS Victory was reclassed as a 104-gun First-Rate Ship-of-the-Line.
HMS Iron Duke Type 23 Warship Frigate